The Mechanics of the Rear Naked Choke

The Rear Naked Choke is a finishing move in martial arts and one of the most effective submissions in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) and Mixed Martial Arts (MMA). The choke is applied from the back position, hence the name “Rear Naked”. The objective of the choke is to cut off the air supply of the opponent, causing them to pass out if the choke is applied correctly.

The Rear Naked Choke works by compressing the carotid arteries, which are located on either side of the neck. The compression of these arteries restricts the flow of blood to the brain, causing the opponent to lose consciousness within a matter of seconds.

To apply the Rear Naked Choke, the attacker must first get behind the opponent, either by taking them down or by transitioning from another position. Once the attacker has secured the back mount, they will wrap their arms around the opponent’s neck, creating a lock with one arm over the other. The attacker will then squeeze the lock, compressing the opponent’s carotid arteries and restricting their air supply.

The key to a successful Rear Naked Choke is proper form and technique. The attacker must ensure that their arms are securely wrapped around the opponent’s neck, and that they are applying enough pressure to restrict blood flow. It is also important to note that the choke must be applied gradually, as applying too much pressure too quickly can cause permanent damage to the opponent’s neck or spinal cord.

The Rear Naked Choke can be defended against if the opponent is able to escape the back mount or if they are able to defend the choke itself. Common defenses against the choke include bridging, rolling, and striking the attacker.

In conclusion, the Rear Naked Choke is a highly effective submission in martial arts, especially in BJJ and MMA. By compressing the carotid arteries, the choke restricts blood flow to the brain, causing the opponent to lose consciousness. To apply the choke effectively, proper form and technique must be utilized, and the choke must be applied gradually to avoid causing permanent injury. Despite its effectiveness, the Rear Naked Choke can be defended against, making it a versatile tool in the martial artist’s arsenal.

About the Author

Jeremy Deschner
Black Belt in American Karate from the Texas Karate Institute. Now training in Brazilian Jiujitsu in Japan. Twitter: @mmajpn1 @jiujitsu_Jedi

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